I haven't come across much research that supports this. Marcus Buckingham and the ADP Research Institute have actually found the opposite to be true:

"Virtual workers are both more engaged and more resilient than those who are physically in an office or shared workspace. This was true before the pandemic and is even more true now. Before the pandemic, our research had found the most engaged people around the world were working from home four days a week and working in an office one day a week. These workers reported having both more freedom to set their own schedules and more opportunities to do what they love. In 2020, well into the pandemic, 20% of virtual workers were fully engaged and 18% were highly resilient — a stark contrast to the 11% of fully engaged and 9% of highly resilient office-based workers during the same period. How the work is done and with whom people work are both important, but organizations can stop worrying about whether virtual work is detrimental to teamwork. Feeling like part of a team is a state of mind, not a state of place. Engagement and resilience are about who you work with, not where you’re working." - https://sloanreview.mit.edu/article/the-top-10-findings-on-resilience-and-engagement/